Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 3, 2010
Previous Article Next Article

A microfluidics device to monitor platelet aggregation dynamics in response to strain rate micro-gradients in flowing blood

Author affiliations

Abstract

This paper reports the development of a platform technology for measuring platelet function and aggregation based on localized strain rate micro-gradients. Recent experimental findings within our laboratories have identified a key role for strain rate micro-gradients in focally triggering initial recruitment and subsequent aggregation of discoid platelets at sites of blood vessel injury. We present the design justification, hydrodynamic characterization and experimental validation of a microfluidic device incorporating contraction–expansion geometries that generate strain rate conditions mimicking the effects of pathological changes in blood vessel geometry. Blood perfusion through this device supports our published findings of both in vivo and in vitro platelet aggregation and confirms a critical requirement for the coupling of blood flow acceleration to downstream deceleration for the initiation and stabilization of platelet aggregation, in the absence of soluble platelet agonists. The microfluidics platform presented will facilitate the detailed analysis of the effects of hemodynamic parameters on the rate and extent of platelet aggregation and will be a useful tool to elucidate the hemodynamic and platelet mechano-transduction mechanisms, underlying this shear-dependent process.

Graphical abstract: A microfluidics device to monitor platelet aggregation dynamics in response to strain rate micro-gradients in flowing blood

Back to tab navigation

Additions and corrections

Article information


Submitted
14 Aug 2009
Accepted
05 Nov 2009
First published
09 Dec 2009

Lab Chip, 2010,10, 291-302
Article type
Paper

A microfluidics device to monitor platelet aggregation dynamics in response to strain rate micro-gradients in flowing blood

F. J. Tovar-Lopez, G. Rosengarten, E. Westein, K. Khoshmanesh, S. P. Jackson, A. Mitchell and W. S. Nesbitt, Lab Chip, 2010, 10, 291
DOI: 10.1039/B916757A

Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements