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Issue 24, 2010
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Low-temperature synthesis of solid-solution BaxSr1−xTiO3nanocrystals

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The very low-temperature synthesis (20–80 °C) of sub-15 nm BaxSr1−xTiO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) nanocrystals and characterization of their dielectric properties as a function of composition are reported. A series of BaxSr1−xTiO3 nanocrystals were synthesized under ultrabenign conditions (i.e., low temperatures, ambient pressure and neutral pH) using a vapor diffusion sol–gel technique, whereby water is slowly diffused into a mixture of bimetallic alkoxides to yield the solid-solution nanocrystals in quantitative yield on the gram scale. The unsintered 12 nm Ba0.69Sr0.31TiO3 nanocrystals synthesized at 20 °C possess a maximized dielectric constant (ε′ = 341 at 1 kHz) for the solid solution series, and is more than an order of magnitude greater than the dielectric constant for SrTiO3 (ε′ = 11.0 at 1 kHz). The observed non-monotonic dependence of the dielectric constant on solid solution composition for these small nanocrystals is consistent with theoretical and empirical studies for bulk BaxSr1−xTiO3 ceramics, proving this dielectric effect holds for small nanocrystals.

Graphical abstract: Low-temperature synthesis of solid-solution BaxSr1−xTiO3 nanocrystals

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Supplementary files

Article information

26 Mar 2010
08 Apr 2010
First published
12 May 2010

J. Mater. Chem., 2010,20, 5074-5079
Article type

Low-temperature synthesis of solid-solution BaxSr1−xTiO3 nanocrystals

C. W. Beier, M. A. Cuevas and R. L. Brutchey, J. Mater. Chem., 2010, 20, 5074
DOI: 10.1039/C0JM00845A

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