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Issue 7, 2010
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Evaluation of the contribution of local sources to trace metals levels in urban PM2.5 and PM10 in the Cantabria region (Northern Spain)

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of local emission sources to the selected trace metals levels (As, Ni, Cd, Pb, Ti, V, Mn, Cu, Mo and Hg) in urban particulate matter, PM10 and PM2.5, in the Cantabria region (Northern Spain) during the year 2008. PM10 and PM2.5 samples were collected and characterized in an urban sampling site at Santander (Cantabria); additional PM10 samples were collected at a rural site at Los Tojos (50 Km SW) to evaluate both the urban and rural environment. The particulate matter and the metals regulated by the EC air quality directives (Pb, As, Ni and Cd) did not exceed the EC limit or target values in the Cantabria region. The metal concentrations were much lower at the rural site except for Ni. Different techniques were used to analyse the possible sources of the studied metals: enrichment factor, urban impact, wind and pollutant roses and principal component analysis (PCA). A combination of these techniques allowed us to demonstrate that the local emission sources of metals in the particulate matter at Santander city were the most important. Ti, Ni, As and V were identified as the main urban background tracers while Mn and Pb were the main local industrial tracers. The urban background was found to be the major contributor to PM10. The relationship between the emission tracers and the major air pollutants (NO2, NO, CO, SO2,O3 and PM10) was also studied by PCA; a significant relationship between tracers and the major air pollutants was not found, showing a decoupled relationship between major pollutants and metal species in particulate matter.

Graphical abstract: Evaluation of the contribution of local sources to trace metals levels in urban PM2.5 and PM10 in the Cantabria region (Northern Spain)

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Dec 2009, accepted on 09 Apr 2010 and first published on 02 Jun 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B926740A
Citation: J. Environ. Monit., 2010,12, 1451-1458

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    Evaluation of the contribution of local sources to trace metals levels in urban PM2.5 and PM10 in the Cantabria region (Northern Spain)

    A. Arruti, I. Fernández-Olmo and Á. Irabien, J. Environ. Monit., 2010, 12, 1451
    DOI: 10.1039/B926740A

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