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Issue 35, 2010

A sensitive phosphorescent thiol chemosensor based on an iridium(iii) complex with α,β-unsaturated ketone functionalized 2,2′-bipyridyl ligand

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Abstract

An iridium(III)-containing phosphorescent chemosensor Ir(ppy)2(L)(PF6) (1, ppy = 2-phenylpyridine) containing a 2,2′-bipyridyl ligand (L) functionalized with an α,β-unsaturated ketone for selective detection of thiol was synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic and photophysical measurements. The structure of complex 1 was determined by X-ray crystallography. In order to get an insight into 1,4-addition reactions of thiol to complex 1, the adduct 2 from reaction of 1 with benzenethiol was successfully prepared and characterized. Complex 1 shows a lowest energy absorption at ca. 450 nm, primarily ascribable to an intraligand charge transfer (ILCT) transition from the HOMO (π) resident on the fragment -C(O)C6H4N(C2H5)2 to the LUMO (π*) localized on the 2,2′-bipyridyl moiety in the functionalized 2,2′-bipyridyl ligand as suggested from DFT computational studies. Complex 1 is weakly emissive at ca. 587 nm at ambient temperature, arising likely from the 3ILCT excited state. Upon addition of thiol to a semi-aqueous solution of complex 1, the lowest energy absorption is obviously blue-shifted and the emission is remarkably enhanced due probably to a conversion from the primary ILCT state to the predominant [π(ppy)→π*(L)] LLCT and the [5d(Ir)→π*(L)] MLCT state caused by the formation of the 1-thiol adduct. The sensing properties of 1 to thiol were also investigated by ESI-MS spectrometry and 1H NMR spectroscopy.

Graphical abstract: A sensitive phosphorescent thiol chemosensor based on an iridium(iii) complex with α,β-unsaturated ketone functionalized 2,2′-bipyridyl ligand

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
11 May 2010
Accepted
17 Jun 2010
First published
09 Aug 2010

Dalton Trans., 2010,39, 8288-8295
Article type
Paper

A sensitive phosphorescent thiol chemosensor based on an iridium(III) complex with α,β-unsaturated ketone functionalized 2,2′-bipyridyl ligand

N. Zhao, Y. Wu, L. Shi, Q. Lin and Z. Chen, Dalton Trans., 2010, 39, 8288 DOI: 10.1039/C0DT00456A

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