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Issue 7, 2010
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Click polymerization

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Abstract

The development of new polymerization reactions is of critical importance to macromolecule science. In this critical review, we summarize the research efforts to incubate alkyneazide click reactions into a versatile polymerization technique for the synthesis of poly(triazole)s (PTAs) with linear and hyperbranched structures. Cu(I)- and Ru(II)-catalyzed click polymerizations afforded 1,4- and 1,5-regioregular PTAs, respectively. Whereas traditional thermal cycloadditions normally generate regiorandom products, PTAs with 1,4-regioisomer contents up to 95% were created by utilizing the electronic effect involved in the thermal click polymerizations of aroylacetylenes with azides. The PTAs showed unique functional properties, such as luminescence, chromism, fluorescence imaging, emission superquenching, chain helicity, optical nonlinearity, light refractivity, photovoltaic effect, cytocompatibility and biodegradability (145 references).

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Article information


Submitted
25 Sep 2009
First published
11 Feb 2010

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2010,39, 2522-2544
Article type
Critical Review

Click polymerization

A. Qin, J. W. Y. Lam and B. Z. Tang, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2010, 39, 2522
DOI: 10.1039/B909064A

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