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Issue 31, 2010
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Assignment of carotene S* state features to the vibrationally hot ground electronic state

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Abstract

The so-called S* state has been suggested to play an important role in the photophysics of β-carotene and other carotenoids in solution and photosynthetic light-harvesting complexes, yet its origin has remained elusive. The present experiments employing temperature-dependent steady-state absorption spectroscopy and ultrafast pump-supercontinuum probe (PSCP) transient absorption measurements of β-carotene in solution demonstrate that the spectral features of S* are due to vibrationally excited molecules in the ground electronic state S0. Characteristic spectral signatures, such as a highly structured bleach below 500 nm and absorption in the range 500–660 nm result from the superposition of hot S0 absorption (“S0*”) on top of the ground-state bleach of room-temperature molecules. Appearance and disappearance of the S0* molecules can be completely described by a global kinetic analysis employing time-dependent species-associated spectra without the need to invoke the population of an intermediate electronically excited state.

Graphical abstract: Assignment of carotene S* state features to the vibrationally hot ground electronic state

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Nov 2009, accepted on 09 Apr 2010 and first published on 07 Jun 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B925071A
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010,12, 8832-8839

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    Assignment of carotene S* state features to the vibrationally hot ground electronic state

    T. Lenzer, F. Ehlers, M. Scholz, R. Oswald and K. Oum, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010, 12, 8832
    DOI: 10.1039/B925071A

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