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Issue 1, 2010
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TiO2 nanotubes and their application in dye-sensitized solar cells

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Abstract

The present article reviews the current status of using TiO2 nanotubes in Grätzel-type, dye-sensitized solar cells and extends the overview with the latest results and findings. Critical factors in tube geometry (length, diameter, top morphology), crystal structure (amorphous, anatase, rutile) as well as factors affecting dye loading or electron mobility are addressed. The highest solar cell efficiencies today for pure nanotube systems reach approximately 4% while for some mixed systems, around 7% has been reported. For both systems significant room for enhancement is anticipated and some key points and strategies for improvement are outlined.

Graphical abstract: TiO2 nanotubes and their application in dye-sensitized solar cells

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Article information


Submitted
16 Jun 2009
Accepted
23 Oct 2009
First published
04 Dec 2009

Nanoscale, 2010,2, 45-59
Article type
Feature Article

TiO2 nanotubes and their application in dye-sensitized solar cells

P. Roy, D. Kim, K. Lee, E. Spiecker and P. Schmuki, Nanoscale, 2010, 2, 45
DOI: 10.1039/B9NR00131J

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