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Issue 10, 2010
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Synthesis and biological activity of naturally occurring α-glucosidase inhibitors

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Abstract

Covering: 2005 to the end of 2009

In addition to their clinical importance in the treatment of type II diabetes, α-glucosidase inhibitors have attracted considerable attention from the synthetic community because of their profound effect on an array of cellular processes, including N-linked glycoprotein processing and maturation, oligosaccharide metabolism, and cellcell and cell–virus recognition. Over the past decade, a number of structurally novel naturally occurring α-glucosidase inhibitors which do not conform to the classical iminosugar mold have been identified, including zwitterionic thiosugars and marine organosulfates. While these natural products are important leads in the development of new classes of glucosidase inhibitors, they have also attracted considerable attention as synthetic targets in of themselves. This article reviews the recent literature concerning the synthesis of these emerging natural product families, as well as the preparation of those polyhydroxylated alkaloids more traditionally associated with anti-α-glucosidase activity. 176 references are cited.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis and biological activity of naturally occurring α-glucosidase inhibitors

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Article information


Submitted
23 Mar 2010
Accepted
16 Jun 2010
First published
16 Aug 2010

Nat. Prod. Rep., 2010,27, 1431-1468
Article type
Review Article

Synthesis and biological activity of naturally occurring α-glucosidase inhibitors

D. J. Wardrop and S. L. Waidyarachchi, Nat. Prod. Rep., 2010, 27, 1431
DOI: 10.1039/B914958A

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