Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 1, 2010
Previous Article Next Article

Water-soluble tetrapodal N,O ligands incorporating soft N-heterocycles for the selective complexation of Am(iii) over Ln(iii)

Author affiliations

Abstract

A series of four water-soluble N,O-tetrapodal ligands derived from ethylenediamine, bearing hard acetate groups and soft N-heterocycles, either pyridine or pyrazine, was developed to study the impact of the softness of N-donors on the complexation properties with trivalent f ions. Two novel ligands of enhanced soft character, bearing three pyridines (L3py) or three pyrazines (L3pz), were synthesized and the related lanthanide complexes were studied in solution. The ligand containing three pyridylmethyl moieties L3py gives complexes with a coordination similar to EDTA, i.e. a hexadentate coordination mode as indicated by NMR and luminescence decays (q = 3) and stability constants in the range log β110 = 6.99–9.3 (La–Lu). On the other hand, the softest molecule L3pz forms much less stable complexes with log β110 = 4.0–4.4 (La–Eu). The selective back-extraction of Am(III) from organic solutions containing 4f and 5f elements was tested with the four water-soluble complexing agents. The ligand L3pz demonstrates poor stripping ability and selectivity. In contrast, the three ligands Lpy, Lpz and L3py give interesting back-extraction results with Eu/Am separation factors ranging from 36 to 46, which are significantly higher than with HEDTA. This exemplifies the role of the N-heterocycle softness in enhancing the separation between Am(III) and Eu(III). Interestingly, the pyrazine-based ligand, Lpz, demonstrates the best stripping properties, with a distribution factor that approaches that of HEDTA in the same conditions (DAm ≈ 0.3). This molecule is a good compromise between softness and hardness and forms complexes still stable at pH 3 due to its low basicity.

Graphical abstract: Water-soluble tetrapodal N,O ligands incorporating soft N-heterocycles for the selective complexation of Am(iii) over Ln(iii)

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 08 Jul 2009, accepted on 03 Sep 2009 and first published on 15 Oct 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B9NJ00319C
New J. Chem., 2010,34, 108-116

  •   Request permissions

    Water-soluble tetrapodal N,O ligands incorporating soft N-heterocycles for the selective complexation of Am(III) over Ln(III)

    M. Heitzmann, C. Gateau, L. Chareyre, M. Miguirditchian, M. Charbonnel and P. Delangle, New J. Chem., 2010, 34, 108
    DOI: 10.1039/B9NJ00319C

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements