This paper presents a high-speed RNA microextractor for the direct isolation of RNA from peripheral blood lysate using magnetic oligo-dT beads. The extraction is achieved through lateral magnetophoresis, generated by a ferromagnetic wire array inlaid on a glass substrate. This RNA microextractor separated more than 80% of magnetic beads with a flow rate up to 20 ml h−1, and the overall extraction procedure was completed within 1 min. The absorbance ratio of RNA to protein (A260/A280) was >1.7, indicating that the extraction technology yielded nearly pure RNA. The feasibility of this technique was evaluated further for its applicability to reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) procedures by performing cDNA synthesis and PCR. The analysis verified that the RNA microextractor is a practical method for easy, rapid, and high-precision RT-PCR using minimal reagent volumes without requiring highly trained personnel. In addition, it can be readily incorporated into genetic analysis procedures for realizing automated on-chip genetic platforms in a micro format.
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