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Issue 4, 2010
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Application of di-ureasil ormolytes based on lithium tetrafluoroborate in solid-state electrochromic displays

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Abstract

In this study the sol–gel synthetic strategy was used to prepare organic–inorganic hybrid electrolyte systems composed of a di-urea cross-linked poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO)/siloxane (di-ureasil) matrix with a wide concentration range of lithium tetrafluoroborate (LiBF4). The assembly and preliminary characterization of a prototype solid-state electrochromic device based on a four-layer sandwich structure incorporating these hybrid electrolytes doped with controlled quantities of LiBF4 are reported. The composition of hybrid xerogels was indicated using the notation d-U(900)nLiBF4 and d-U(600)nLiBF4. In this representation the average molecular weight of the host di-ureasil framework is identified as d-U(900) or d-U(600) and the subscript n expresses the salt content in terms of the number of ether oxygen atoms per Li+ cation. The most conducting electrolyte of these hybrid systems is the d-U(900)35LiBF4 composition (1.70 × 10−4 S cm−1 at about 95 °C). The lowest decomposition temperature was observed at a composition of n = 2.5 in both the d-U(900)nLiBF4 and the d-U(600)nLiBF4 electrolyte systems (250 °C and 243 °C, respectively). Electrochromic devices assembled with d-U(900)nLiBF4 and d-U(600)nLiBF4 electrolytes with compositions of 20 ≤ n ≤ 35 presented good color contrast, a maximum optical density of 0.23 and an encouraging performance in the coloring/bleaching process. The average transmittance in the visible region of the spectrum was above 74% for all the bleached samples analyzed.

Graphical abstract: Application of di-ureasil ormolytes based on lithium tetrafluoroborate in solid-state electrochromic displays

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Article information


Submitted
20 Aug 2009
Accepted
02 Nov 2009
First published
04 Dec 2009

J. Mater. Chem., 2010,20, 723-730
Article type
Paper

Application of di-ureasil ormolytes based on lithium tetrafluoroborate in solid-state electrochromic displays

P. Barbosa, L. Rodrigues, M. Silva, M. Smith, A. Gonçalves and E. Fortunato, J. Mater. Chem., 2010, 20, 723
DOI: 10.1039/B917208D

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