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Issue 7, 2010
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CdSe/CdS nanoparticles immobilized on pNIPAm-based microspheres

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In this work, CdSe/CdS semiconductor ligand-exchanged nanoparticles have been immobilized on poly-(N-isopropylacrylamide) (pNIPAM)-based microspheres. The size and the shrinkage capacity of the spheres can be tuned by the ratio of NIPAM/styrene (pNIPAM-PS spheres) or NIPAM/BIS (N-N′-methylene-bis-acrylamide) and MA (maleic acid) (pNIPAM-BIS-MA spheres). A ligand-exchange procedure for the transfer of initially organic compatible nanoparticles into aqueous solution using amine-modified or thiol-modified poly(ethylene oxide)s (PEOs) has been carried out prior to their immobilization. We observed that the interaction of the nanoparticles with the pNIPAM-based system depends on the nature of the ligands and the chemical composition of the microspheres. Nanoparticles capped with amine- or mercapto- poly(ethylene oxide)s ligands interact with pNIPAM–PS beads while only amine-capped ones show a clear tendency to interact with pNIPAM containing acid groups which leads to a high nanoparticle coverage. Dynamic light scattering measurements, atomic force microscopy and optical spectroscopy hint that nanoparticles are placed on the surface of pNIPAM-BIS-MA beads while being partially incorporated into pNIPAM-PS network. Cell culture studies demonstrate that the fluorescent composites show non-specific binding to fibroblasts. These features may be very valuable to develop materials for drug delivery and specific targeting of cells combined with the outstanding optical properties of semiconductor nanoparticles as fluorescent labelers.

Graphical abstract: CdSe/CdS nanoparticles immobilized on pNIPAm-based microspheres

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Supplementary files

Article information

18 Aug 2009
09 Nov 2009
First published
17 Dec 2009

J. Mater. Chem., 2010,20, 1367-1374
Article type

CdSe/CdS nanoparticles immobilized on pNIPAm-based microspheres

A. Salcher, M. S. Nikolic, S. Casado, M. Vélez, H. Weller and B. H. Juárez, J. Mater. Chem., 2010, 20, 1367
DOI: 10.1039/B917022G

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