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Issue 4, 2010
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Microwave-assisted hydrolysis of crystalline cellulose catalyzed by biomass char sulfonic acids

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Abstract

The development of an environmentally benign process for the hydrolysis of cellulose into reducing sugars can be one of the key technologies for making full use of cellulosic biomass in the future. Here, a biomass char sulfonic acid (BC-SO3H)-catalyzed hydrolysis of cellulose in water was achieved under microwave irradiation. The BC-SO3H catalysts prepared cheaply from natural bamboo, cotton and starch, showed a much higher turnover number (TON, 1.33-1.73) for this reaction compared to a dilute H2SO4 solution (TON, 0.02), which was likely due to their strong affinity to β-1,4-glycosidic bonds of cellulose. In addition, microwave irradiation played key roles in activating cellulose molecules and strengthening particle collision, which can lead to a remarkable acceleration effect on this heterogeneously catalytic process.

Graphical abstract: Microwave-assisted hydrolysis of crystalline cellulose catalyzed by biomass char sulfonic acids

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Sep 2009, accepted on 21 Nov 2009 and first published on 24 Feb 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B917807D
Green Chem., 2010,12, 696-700

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    Microwave-assisted hydrolysis of crystalline cellulose catalyzed by biomass char sulfonic acids

    Y. Wu, Z. Fu, D. Yin, Q. Xu, F. Liu, C. Lu and L. Mao, Green Chem., 2010, 12, 696
    DOI: 10.1039/B917807D

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