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Issue 5, 2010
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Reversible and robust CO2 capture by equimolar task-specific ionic liquid–superbase mixtures

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Abstract

Integrated sorption systems consisting of 1 : 1 mixtures of an alcohol-functionalized ionic liquid and a superbase were found to be effective for CO2 capture under atmospheric pressure, eliminating the use of volatile n-alkanols or water. Conversely, by using the current approach, there is no longer a requirement for maintaining scrupulously dry conditions. The effect of ionic liquid structure, choice of superbase, their relative ratios, the sorption temperature, and the reaction time on the absorption and release of CO2 were investigated. Our results demonstrate that (i) this integrated ionic liquid–superbase system is capable of rapid and reversible capture of nearly one mole of CO2 per mole of superbase, (ii) the captured CO2 can be readily released by either mild heating or bubbling with an insert gas (N2, Ar), and (iii) this novel CO2 chemisorption platform can be recycled with minimal loss of activity. This efficient and fully reversible catch-and-release process using non-volatile, task-specific ionic liquids provides an excellent alternative to current CO2 capture technologies, which are based largely around volatile alkanols or alkylamines. Furthermore, our integrated ionic liquid–superbase system can be used as a novel medium for supported liquid membranes, for which they demonstrate both good selectivity and permeability in model CO2/N2 gas separations.

Graphical abstract: Reversible and robust CO2 capture by equimolar task-specific ionic liquid–superbase mixtures

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Jan 2010, accepted on 12 Feb 2010 and first published on 16 Mar 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B927514B
Green Chem., 2010,12, 870-874

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    Reversible and robust CO2 capture by equimolar task-specific ionic liquid–superbase mixtures

    C. Wang, S. M. Mahurin, H. Luo, G. A. Baker, H. Li and S. Dai, Green Chem., 2010, 12, 870
    DOI: 10.1039/B927514B

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