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Issue 12, 2010
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Ocean acidification: a millennial challenge

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During recent decades, Earth system research has provided overwhelming evidence that climate change, with disastrous consequences, will result from unbridled anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases. It is well accepted among climate scientists that these emissions, especially of CO2, may force the planet to warm by up to seven degrees C by the end of the century. During recent years, however, a second comparably dangerous consequence of steadily increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide levels has received growing attention, namely the acidification of the oceans. Here we discuss its potential effects on marine biogeochemistry and review the recent literature on this issue. Calcifying organisms such as corals, pteropods, coccolithophorides and foraminifera are among the species that will suffer most from unabated ocean acidification.

Graphical abstract: Ocean acidification: a millennial challenge

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Article information

13 Jan 2010
20 Aug 2010
First published
24 Sep 2010

Energy Environ. Sci., 2010,3, 1883-1896
Article type
Review Article

Ocean acidification: a millennial challenge

M. Hofmann and H. J. Schellnhuber, Energy Environ. Sci., 2010, 3, 1883
DOI: 10.1039/C000820F

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