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Issue 43, 2010
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The unexpected role of pyridine-2-carboxylic acid in manganese based oxidation catalysis with pyridin-2-yl based ligands

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Abstract

A number of manganese-based catalysts employing ligands whose structures incorporate pyridyl groups have been reported previously to achieve both high turnover numbers and selectivity in the oxidation of alkenes and alcohols, using H2O2 as terminal oxidant. Here we report our recent finding that these ligands decompose in situ to pyridine-2-carboxylic acid and its derivatives, in the presence of a manganese source, H2O2 and a base. Importantly, the decomposition occurs prior to the onset of catalysed oxidation of organic substrates. It is found that the pyridine-2-carboxylic acid formed, together with a manganese source, provides for the observed catalytic activity. The degradation of this series of pyridyl ligands to pyridine-2-carboxylic acid under reaction conditions is demonstrated by 1H NMR spectroscopy. In all cases the activity and selectivity of the manganese/pyridyl containing ligand systems are identical to that observed with the corresponding number of equivalents of pyridine-2-carboxylic acid; except that, when pyridine-2-carboxylic acid is used directly, a lag phase is not observed and the efficiency in terms of the number of equivalents of H2O2 required decreases from 6–8 equiv. with the pyridin-2-yl based ligands to 1–1.5 equiv. with pyridine-2-carboxylic acid.

Graphical abstract: The unexpected role of pyridine-2-carboxylic acid in manganese based oxidation catalysis with pyridin-2-yl based ligands

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
10 May 2010
Accepted
10 Jun 2010
First published
01 Oct 2010

Dalton Trans., 2010,39, 10375-10381
Article type
Paper

The unexpected role of pyridine-2-carboxylic acid in manganese based oxidation catalysis with pyridin-2-yl based ligands

D. Pijper, P. Saisaha, J. W. de Boer, R. Hoen, C. Smit, A. Meetsma, R. Hage, R. P. van Summeren, P. L. Alsters, B. L. Feringa and W. R. Browne, Dalton Trans., 2010, 39, 10375
DOI: 10.1039/C0DT00452A

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