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Issue 26, 2010
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Topotactic reduction as a synthetic route for the preparation of low-dimensional Mn(II) oxide phases: The structure and magnetism of LaAMnO4-x (A = Sr, Ba)

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Abstract

Reaction of LaSrMnO4 with CaH2 at 420 °C yields LaSrMnO3.67(3). Raising the temperature to 480 °C yields the Mn(II) phase LaSrMnO3.50(2). Neutron powder diffraction data show both phases adopt body-centred orthorhombic crystal structures (LaSrMnO3.67(3), Immm: a = 3.7256(1) Å, b = 3.8227(1) Å, c = 13.3617(4) Å; LaSrMnO3.50(2), Immm: a = 3.7810(1) Å, b = 3.7936(1) Å, c = 13.3974(3) Å) with anion vacancies located within the equatorial MnO2-x planes of the materials. Analogous reactivity is observed between LaBaMnO4 and CaH2 to yield body-centred tetragonal reduced phases (LaBaMnO3.53(3), I4/mmm: a = 3.8872(1)Å, c = 13.6438(2) Å). Low-temperature neutron diffraction and magnetisation data show that LaSrMnO3.5 and LaBaMnO3.5 exhibit three-dimensional antiferromagnetic order below 155 K and 135 K respectively. Above these temperatures, they exhibit two-dimensional antiferromagnetic order with paramagnetic behaviour observed above 480 K in both phases. The origin of the low dimensional magnetic order and ordering of the anion vacancies in the reduced phases is discussed.

Graphical abstract: Topotactic reduction as a synthetic route for the preparation of low-dimensional Mn(II) oxide phases: The structure and magnetism of LaAMnO4-x (A = Sr, Ba)

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
20 Nov 2009
Accepted
30 Jan 2010
First published
16 Mar 2010

Dalton Trans., 2010,39, 6098-6105
Article type
Paper

Topotactic reduction as a synthetic route for the preparation of low-dimensional Mn(II) oxide phases: The structure and magnetism of LaAMnO4-x (A = Sr, Ba)

H. J. Kitchen, I. Saratovsky and M. A. Hayward, Dalton Trans., 2010, 39, 6098
DOI: 10.1039/B923966A

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