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Issue 10, 2010
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Calix[6]arene-picolinamide extractants for radioactive waste: effect of modification of the basicity of the pyridineN atom on the extraction efficiency and An/Ln separation

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Abstract

The effect of a systematic variation of the basicity of the pyridine nitrogen atom in calix[6]arene-based picolinamide ligands on the actinide(III)/lanthanide(III) separation by solvent extraction has been investigated. The distribution coefficients for trivalent metal ions (DM) decrease by increasing the nitric acid concentration, but for ligands (2 and 4) possessing a much less basic aromatic nitrogen atom, DM values are considerably higher than those of ligands (1 and 5) having more basic pyridine nuclei. Also in terms of selectivity ligands 2 and 4 behave better than ligand 1 especially at nitric acid concentrations very close to those of the nuclear waste. At [H+] = 1 mol L−1, SFAm/Eu are still 3.23 and 1.92 for 2 and 4, respectively. A simple quantitative relationship between the efficiency of these extractants and the gas-phase basicity of suitably chosen model compounds is proposed, in order to explain the experimental extraction data, on one hand, and to orient future syntheses of ligands for An/Ln separation, on the other hand.

Graphical abstract: Calix[6]arene-picolinamide extractants for radioactive waste: effect of modification of the basicity of the pyridine N atom on the extraction efficiency and An/Ln separation

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
27 Oct 2009
Accepted
14 Dec 2009
First published
25 Jan 2010

Dalton Trans., 2010,39, 2546-2553
Article type
Paper

Calix[6]arene-picolinamide extractants for radioactive waste: effect of modification of the basicity of the pyridine N atom on the extraction efficiency and An/Ln separation

M. Galletta, L. Baldini, F. Sansone, F. Ugozzoli, R. Ungaro, A. Casnati and M. Mariani, Dalton Trans., 2010, 39, 2546
DOI: 10.1039/B922500P

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