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Issue 33, 2010
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Surface and interstitial Ti diffusion at the rutile TiO2(110) surface

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Abstract

Diffusion of Ti through the TiO2(110) rutile surface plays a key role in the growth and reactivity of TiO2. To understand the fundamental aspects of this important process, we present an analysis of the diffusion of Ti ad-species at the stoichiometric TiO2(110) surface using complementary computational methodologies of density functional theory corrected for on-site Coulomb interactions (DFT + U) and a charge equilibration (QEq) atomistic potential to identify minimum energy pathways. We find that diffusion of Ti from the surface to subsurface (and vice versa) follows an interstitialcy exchange mechanism, involving exchange of surface Ti with the 6-fold coordinated Ti below the bridging oxygen rows. Diffusion in the subsurface between layers also follows an interstitialcy mechanism. The diffusion of Ti is discussed in light of continued attempts to understand the re-oxidation of non-stoichiometric TiO2(110) surfaces.

Graphical abstract: Surface and interstitial Ti diffusion at the rutile TiO2(110) surface

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Feb 2010, accepted on 20 May 2010 and first published on 17 Jun 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C002698K
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010,12, 9763-9771

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    Surface and interstitial Ti diffusion at the rutile TiO2(110) surface

    P. A. Mulheran, M. Nolan, C. S. Browne, M. Basham, E. Sanville and R. A. Bennett, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010, 12, 9763
    DOI: 10.1039/C002698K

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