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Issue 7, 2010

Fountain pen for scanning electrochemical microscopy

Author affiliations

Abstract

A fountain pen probe has been developed to extend the scope of scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) experiments to dry surfaces. The fountain pen is fabricated by UV-photoablation of a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film and consists on one side of one microchannel for flowing an electrolyte solution to the open tip, integrating a reference/counter electrode and on the other side a carbon track. The exposed tip of the track forms the working electrode located close to the microchannel outlet. The fountain pen can operate in a pointillist mode where a nanolitre droplet at the bottom of the probe connects it to a well-defined surface area to study locally the substrate, but can also operate in a scanning mode leaving a linear wet track of solution behind it to monitor the surface activity. The electrochemical characterization of the proposed fountain pen probe was performed by cyclic voltammetry, approach curves and lateral line scans over insulating and conductive substrates, showing that the flow rate and the probe-substrate distance have a major influence on its electrochemical behavior. An SECM image of a gold on glass EPFL logo is presented as a proof-of-concept that fountain pen probes can be employed for the detection of surface activity when scanning in a contact regime.

Graphical abstract: Fountain pen for scanning electrochemical microscopy

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
08 Feb 2010
Accepted
28 Apr 2010
First published
03 Jun 2010

Anal. Methods, 2010,2, 817-823
Article type
Paper

Fountain pen for scanning electrochemical microscopy

F. Cortés-Salazar, A. Lesch, D. Momotenko, J. Busnel, G. Wittstock and H. H. Girault, Anal. Methods, 2010, 2, 817 DOI: 10.1039/C0AY00096E

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