Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 5, 2010
Previous Article Next Article

Chromatographic analysis of major non-structural carbohydrates in several wood species – an analytical approach for higher accuracy of data

Author affiliations

Abstract

The exact and reliable determination of non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) in wood samples of different origin allows to gain further insight into the biogeochemical carbon cycle, i.e. processes that determine how carbon – and carbon dioxide – migrate between the land, the sea and the atmosphere. Plants are an essential part of this cycle using carbon dioxide in photosynthesis and locking up carbon within proteins and carbohydrates. Analytical determination of NSC is complicated by the complexity of the carbohydrate mixtures. However, most of them are present at the trace level only, and do not substantially contribute to the global NSC. Most important are glucose, sucrose, fructose and starch. Traditionally, these carbohydrates are analyzed spectrophotometrically. The spectrophotometric method does not provide any information on concentrations of sugar alcohols and raffinose. They can make up to a quarter of total NSC in deciduous tree samples. Consequently, ignoring them will severely impair the accuracy of NSC data in these samples. We will therefore present a method that allows the reliable determination of the following sugar alcohols and carbohydrates: inositol, sorbitol, mannitol, glucose, fructose, sucrose, raffinose and starch. These were the major contributors to the pool of non-structural carbohydrates in the samples we examined. It is important to note, that the portion of sugar alcohols and raffinose in the samples ranged from <2–25% of total NSC, irrespective of the plant species, with strongest impact (≥15% of NSC) for the conifer species “Pine” and the deciduous species “Ash Tree” and “Wild Cherry”. Application of our method substantially improved the accuracy of NSC data in these samples if compared to those of the spectrophotometrical analysis.

Graphical abstract: Chromatographic analysis of major non-structural carbohydrates in several wood species – an analytical approach for higher accuracy of data

Back to tab navigation

Article information


Submitted
01 Oct 2009
Accepted
05 Feb 2010
First published
23 Feb 2010

Anal. Methods, 2010,2, 532-538
Article type
Paper

Chromatographic analysis of major non-structural carbohydrates in several wood species – an analytical approach for higher accuracy of data

M. Raessler, B. Wissuwa, A. Breul, W. Unger and T. Grimm, Anal. Methods, 2010, 2, 532
DOI: 10.1039/B9AY00193J

Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements