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Issue 5, 2010
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Rapid characterization of cross-links, mono-adducts, and non-covalent binding of psoralens to deoxyoligonucleotides by LC-UV/ESI-MS and IRMPDmass spectrometry

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Abstract

Upon UV photoactivation, psoralen analogs form covalent mono-adducts and cross-links with DNA at thymine residues. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometric analysis allowed rapid and efficient determination of the reaction percentages of each psoralen analog with DNA duplexes containing different binding sites after exposure to UV irradiation. The distribution of cross-linked products and mono-adducts was monitored by both LC-UV and IRMPD-MS methods with the highest ratio of cross-linked products to mono-adducts obtained for 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP), psoralen (P), and 5-methoxypsoralen (5-MOP). Reactions at 5′-TA sites were favored over 5′-AT sites, and duplexes containing two and three binding sites showed extensive binding by the psoralens. 4′-Aminomethyl-4,5′,8-trimethylpsoralen (AMP) bound non-selectively via non-covalent interactions and was the only psoralen analog to show significant binding in the absence of UV irradiation. 8-MOP binding displayed the greatest sequence selectivity among the psoralen analogs. The sites of interstrand cross-linking were determined by fragmentation of the duplex/psoralen complexes by infrared multiphoton dissociation (IRMPD), which produced cross-linked product ions containing an intact single strand, the psoralen analog, and either a wn or an–B portion of the complementary strand. IRMPD of DNA/AMP complexes after UV irradiation also produced high abundances of the intact single strands with the AMP ligand attached, products indicative of a significant population of mono-adducts.

Graphical abstract: Rapid characterization of cross-links, mono-adducts, and non-covalent binding of psoralens to deoxyoligonucleotides by LC-UV/ESI-MS and IRMPD mass spectrometry

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
18 Nov 2009
Accepted
27 Jan 2010
First published
12 Feb 2010

Analyst, 2010,135, 943-952
Article type
Paper

Rapid characterization of cross-links, mono-adducts, and non-covalent binding of psoralens to deoxyoligonucleotides by LC-UV/ESI-MS and IRMPD mass spectrometry

S. I. Smith and J. S. Brodbelt, Analyst, 2010, 135, 943
DOI: 10.1039/B924023C

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