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Issue 5, 2010
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Baseline correction using adaptive iteratively reweighted penalized least squares

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Abstract

Baseline drift always blurs or even swamps signals and deteriorates analytical results, particularly in multivariate analysis. It is necessary to correct baseline drift to perform further data analysis. Simple or modified polynomial fitting has been found to be effective to some extent. However, this method requires user intervention and is prone to variability especially in low signal-to-noise ratio environments. A novel algorithm named adaptive iteratively reweighted Penalized Least Squares (airPLS) that does not require any user intervention and prior information, such as peak detection etc., is proposed in this work. The method works by iteratively changing weights of sum squares errors (SSE) between the fitted baseline and original signals, and the weights of the SSE are obtained adaptively using the difference between the previously fitted baseline and the original signals. The baseline estimator is fast and flexible. Theory, implementation, and applications in simulated and real datasets are presented. The algorithm is implemented in R language and MATLAB™, which is available as open source software (http://code.google.com/p/airpls).

Graphical abstract: Baseline correction using adaptive iteratively reweighted penalized least squares

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Article information


Submitted
21 Oct 2009
Accepted
04 Feb 2010
First published
19 Feb 2010

Analyst, 2010,135, 1138-1146
Article type
Paper

Baseline correction using adaptive iteratively reweighted penalized least squares

Z. Zhang, S. Chen and Y. Liang, Analyst, 2010, 135, 1138
DOI: 10.1039/B922045C

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