Acoustically driven oscillations of freely suspended liquid crystal filaments
Some liquid crystalline phases of bent-core mesogens are known to form stable freely-suspended filaments with length to diameter ratios of 1000 and larger. These structures can behave like thin liquid chords. We study filament oscillations excited with harmonic sound waves. From amplitudes of the filament motion and phase shifts respective to the harmonic excitation signal we develop a model for the filament dynamics. Like in solid chords, the resonance frequency f0 is inversely proportional to their length. The dependence of f0 upon the filament radius allows one to draw conclusions on the nature of the filament tension. For thin filaments, this tension can be largely attributed to surface tension, while for thick filaments there must be other, bulk contributions in addition. The decay time of the filament oscillations is proportional to the filament length. This can be explained by the assumption that dissipation is restricted to the two filament ends. An important observation is that thick filaments often deviate significantly from cylindrical shape.