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Issue 25, 2009
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Structure and properties of two component hydrogels comprising lithocholic acid and organic amines

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Abstract

We demonstrate the aptitude of supramolecular hydrogel formation using simple bile acid such as lithocholic acid in aqueous solution in the presence of various dimeric or oligomeric amines. By variation of the choice of the amines in such mixtures the gelation properties could be modulated. However, the replacement of lithocholic acid (LCA) by cholic acid or deoxycholic acid resulted in no hydrogel formation. FT-IR studies confirm that the carboxylate and ammonium residues of the two components are involved in the salt (ion-pair) formation. This promotes further assembly of the components reinforced by a continuous hydrogen bonded network leading to gelation. Electron microscopy shows the morphology of the internal organization of gels of two component systems which also depends significantly on the amine part. Variation of the amine component from the simple 1,2-ethanediamine (EDA) to oligomeric amines in such gels of lithocholic acid changes the morphology of the assembly from long one-dimensional nanotubes to three-dimensional complex structures. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis with one of the amine-LCA complexes suggested the motif of fiber formation where the amines interact with the carboxylate and hydroxyl moieties through electrostatic forces and hydrogen bonding. From small angle neutron scattering study, it becomes clear that the weak gel from LCA-EDA shows scattering oscillation due to the presence of non-interacting nanotubules while for gels of LCA with oligomeric amines the individual fibers come together to form complex three-dimensional organizations of higher length scale. The rheological properties of this class of two component system provide clear evidence that the flow behavior can be modulated varying the acid-amine ratio.

Graphical abstract: Structure and properties of two component hydrogels comprising lithocholic acid and organic amines

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
18 Feb 2009
Accepted
11 Mar 2009
First published
15 Apr 2009

J. Mater. Chem., 2009,19, 4325-4334
Article type
Paper

Structure and properties of two component hydrogels comprising lithocholic acid and organic amines

A. Pal, H. Basit, S. Sen, V. K. Aswal and S. Bhattacharya, J. Mater. Chem., 2009, 19, 4325
DOI: 10.1039/B903407B

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