Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Volume 141, 2009
Previous Article Next Article

Ultrafast phase transitions in metastable water near liquid interfaces

Author affiliations


Electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA) is a powerful tool for the quantitative analysis of the composition and the chemical environment of molecular systems. Due to the lack of compatibility of liquids and vacuum, liquid-phase ESCA is much less well established. The chemical shift in the static ESCA approach is a particularly powerful observable quantity for probing electron orbital energies in molecules in different molecular environments. Employing high harmonics of 800 nm (40 eV), near-infrared femtosecond pulses, and liquid-water microbeams in vacuum we were able to add the dimension of time to the liquid interface ESCA technique. Tracing time-dependent chemical shifts and energies of valence electrons in liquid interfacial water in time, we have investigated the timescale and molecular signatures of laser-induced liquid–gas phase transitions on a picosecond timescale.

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 08 Jul 2008, accepted on 09 Jul 2008 and first published on 20 Oct 2008

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B811659H
Citation: Faraday Discuss., 2009,141, 67-79
  •   Request permissions

    Ultrafast phase transitions in metastable water near liquid interfaces

    O. Link, E. Vöhringer-Martinez, E. Lugovoj, Y. Liu, K. Siefermann, M. Faubel, H. Grubmüller, R. B. Gerber, Y. Miller and B. Abel, Faraday Discuss., 2009, 141, 67
    DOI: 10.1039/B811659H

Search articles by author