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Issue 29, 2009
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Peroxynitrate is formed rapidly during decomposition of peroxynitrite at neutral pH

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Abstract

The decomposition of peroxynitrite near neutral pH leads ultimately to the formation of dioxygen and nitritevia an intermediate with an absorbance maximum at 284 nm. The intermediate oxidises I with a rate constant of (78 ± 8) × 10 M−1s−1 and decays near pH 7 with a rate constant of (0.58 ± 0.02) s−1 at 22 °C, but is longer-lived at lower pH. On the basis of experiments performed with a tandem-quenching flow reactor, we tentatively identify this intermediate as peroxynitric acid, formed during the proposed reaction sequence ONOOH + ONOO→ NO2 + O2NOO + H+→ 2 NO2 + O2. These products are those expected from a peracid. The rate constant for the first reaction is ca. 3 × 104 M−1 s−1. Part of the dioxygen formed is in the 1Δg state (S. Miyamoto, G. E. Ronsein, T. C. Corréa, G. R. Martinez, M. H. G. Medeiros and P. Di Mascio, Dalton Trans., 2009, DOI: 10.1039/b905560f). The decay of peroxynitrous acid at concentrations higher than 0.1 mM near neutral pH is best described by the simultaneous process of isomerisation (k = 1.2 s−1) and decomposition to peroxynitrate. The rate of formation and the amount of peroxynitrate formed are much larger than can be accounted for by homolysis reactions.

Graphical abstract: Peroxynitrate is formed rapidly during decomposition of peroxynitrite at neutral pH

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Mar 2009, accepted on 30 Apr 2009 and first published on 05 Jun 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B905535E
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2009,0, 5730-5736
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    Peroxynitrate is formed rapidly during decomposition of peroxynitrite at neutral pH

    D. Gupta, B. Harish, R. Kissner and W. H. Koppenol, Dalton Trans., 2009, 0, 5730
    DOI: 10.1039/B905535E

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