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Issue 21, 2009
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Solvent-mediated pathways to gelation and phase separation in suspensions of grafted nanoparticles

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Abstract

We explore the role of the solvent medium on the interplay between gelation and phase separation in suspensions of organosilicate planar hybrids grafted with hydrocarbon chains. We establish their phase diagram by means of dynamic light scattering, rheology and visual observations, and different routes to gelation, depending on the solvent used. In agreement with earlier works, the solvent quality for the grafted chains at a given temperature controls the balance between attractions and repulsions, and hence the phase diagram of the nanoparticles and their tendency to gel. Here we show how to tune the suspension state and hence its rheology. For decane, a good solvent for the hydrocarbon chains, gelation occurs at rather low volume fractions in the presence of phase separation. This is due to the interdigitation of solvent molecules with the grafted chains, resulting in their crystalline packing that promotes the attraction between particles. For toluene, a solvent of reduced quality for the hydrocarbon chains, no interdigitation takes place, and hence gelation is triggered by clustering at higher volume fractions before phase separation. Our results support the generic picture of complex kinetic arrest/phase separation interplay in soft matter, where phase separation can proceed, be interrupted or be completely inhibited. A number of interesting possibilities for tailoring the rheology of grafted colloidal systems emerge.

Graphical abstract: Solvent-mediated pathways to gelation and phase separation in suspensions of grafted nanoparticles

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Article information


Submitted
08 Jun 2009
Accepted
30 Jul 2009
First published
27 Aug 2009

Soft Matter, 2009,5, 4256-4265
Article type
Paper

Solvent-mediated pathways to gelation and phase separation in suspensions of grafted nanoparticles

M. Anyfantakis, A. Bourlinos, D. Vlassopoulos, G. Fytas, E. Giannelis and S. K. Kumar, Soft Matter, 2009, 5, 4256
DOI: 10.1039/B911244H

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