Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 19, 2009
Previous Article Next Article

Effect of template on the formation of phase-inversed molecularly imprinted polymer thin films: an assessment

Author affiliations

Abstract

A range of molecularly imprinted polymer films (MIPFs) consisting of acrylonitrile (AN) as a matrix monomer, methacrylamide (MAM) as a functional monomer (96 : 4) for 2,4-dinitrotoluene (DNT) and 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) were prepared using a phase inversion method with post polymerisation introduction of the template. The films exhibited no rebinding activity following template removal, prompting speculation of a collapse in the pore structure of the materials. Addition of extremely low concentrations of cross-linker (0.01% ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EDGMA)) successfully stabilised the macroscopic structure of the films. The same approach was then applied to the preparation of conventionally imprinted films. The average molecular weight of the polymer chains in the MIPFs was found to decrease with increasing template concentration, confirming results from previous studies identifying TNT as a chain transfer agent. Failure to observe rebinding in the films in either the liquid or gas phases suggested that template removal precipitates irreversible changes in microscopic pore structure of the MIPFs. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) showed a proportionate loss in mass of the template from the non-extracted MIPFs, confirming the successful encapsulation of the template. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements revealed distinct differences between the non-extracted films and the non-imprinted control polymer that become more exaggerated with the presence of increasing amounts of template in the MIPF formulation. Following template removal, the MIPF thermograms closely resembled the non-imprinted control, suggesting that template removal promotes changes in the MIPF microstructure consistent with the loss of template cavities and the formation of a more homogeneous structure.

Graphical abstract: Effect of template on the formation of phase-inversed molecularly imprinted polymer thin films: an assessment

Back to tab navigation

Article information


Submitted
05 Feb 2009
Accepted
05 Jun 2009
First published
24 Jul 2009

Soft Matter, 2009,5, 3663-3671
Article type
Paper

Effect of template on the formation of phase-inversed molecularly imprinted polymer thin films: an assessment

N. W. Turner, N. Holmes, C. Brisbane, A. B. McGeachie, M. C. Bowyer, A. McCluskey and C. I. Holdsworth, Soft Matter, 2009, 5, 3663
DOI: 10.1039/B902468A

Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements