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Issue 5, 2009
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Spontaneous symmetry breaking: formation of Janus micelles

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Abstract

We describe the preparation and solution properties of Janus micelles, i.e., non-centrosymmetric nanoparticles with compartmentalized shells, viaco-assembly of two fully water-soluble block copolymers. They consist of a mixed core of poly(N-methyl-2-vinyl pyridinium iodide) (P2MVP) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA), and a shell segregated into two sides, consisting of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) or poly(acryl amide) PAAm. These Janus particles form spontaneously and reversibly, i.e., association, dissocation, and reassociation can be carefully controlled via parameters, such as polymer mixing fraction, solution pH, and ionic strength. Dynamic (polarized and depolarized) and static light scattering, cryogenic transmission electron microscopy, small angle neutron and X-ray scattering, and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy are used to monitor the micelle formation and to characterize the micellar structure. The Janus particles were found to be ellipsoidal, with a cigar-like overall shape and a disc-like core. This peculiar morphology is driven by the delicate interplay between two opposing forces: an attraction between the oppositely charged core blocks and a subtle repulsion between the water-soluble, neutral corona blocks.

Graphical abstract: Spontaneous symmetry breaking: formation of Janus micelles

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Article information


Submitted
24 Jul 2008
Accepted
22 Oct 2008
First published
12 Dec 2008

Soft Matter, 2009,5, 999-1005
Article type
Paper

Spontaneous symmetry breaking: formation of Janus micelles

I. K. Voets, R. Fokkink, T. Hellweg, S. M. King, P. D. Waard, A. D. Keizer and M. A. Cohen Stuart, Soft Matter, 2009, 5, 999
DOI: 10.1039/B812793J

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