Surface roughness has a profound influence on the wetting properties of a material. This fact is especially true with respect to the wetting of superhydrophobic surfaces. As a result of a special surface structure, a drop of water brought into contact with such a material forms an almost perfect sphere and even a very slight tilting of the superhydrophobic object is sufficient to cause the drop to roll off. For the description of the behavior of drops on rough surfaces two theories, namely those of Cassie and Wenzel, are often employed. However, it is currently becoming well established that both models explain the wetting behavior more from a qualitative or practical point of view rather than giving a quantitative description. For a prediction of actual contact angles, a more complex description is required that, next to thermodynamics, takes into account the kinetics of wetting. In this article, we focus on a few key aspects of superhydrophobic wetting, namely the characterization of superhydrophobic surfaces, models for the movement of drops, transitions between the Cassie and Wenzel states, and the behavior of superhydrophobic materials under condensation.
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