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Issue 3, 2009
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A general nonaqueous route to crystalline alkaline earth aluminate nanostructures

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Abstract

A nonaqueous route based on the solvothermal reaction of alkaline earth precursors with aluminium isopropoxide in benzyl alcohol is introduced. This simple process leads to crystalline complex nanostructures of alkaline earth aluminates, which, up to now, could only be obtained by solid state reaction at temperatures above 1100 °C or by solgel and further calcination at temperatures only slightly lower (∼800 °C). The approach appears to be rather general since under the same reaction conditions BaAl2O4, CaAl4O7, and SrAl4O7 could be obtained. The as-synthesized materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy techniques, solid-state NMR and FT-IR spectroscopies. The reaction mechanism, which was studied as well, indicates the in-situ formation of benzoate species. These can preferentially bind to particular crystallographic facets of the aluminates via bridging bonds, thereby stabilizing the surfaces that give rise to the peculiar complex structure of the final material. In order to supplement the synthesis approach and to investigate the formation of impurity phases, pure aluminium oxide hybrid nanostructures were synthesized under similar conditions and fully characterized.

Graphical abstract: A general nonaqueous route to crystalline alkaline earth aluminate nanostructures

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Article information


Submitted
29 Jun 2009
Accepted
11 Aug 2009
First published
15 Sep 2009

Nanoscale, 2009,1, 360-365
Article type
Paper

A general nonaqueous route to crystalline alkaline earth aluminate nanostructures

M. Karmaoui, M.-G. Willinger, L. Mafra, T. Herntrich and N. Pinna, Nanoscale, 2009, 1, 360
DOI: 10.1039/B9NR00164F

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