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Issue 48, 2009
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Site preference of Eu2+ dopants in the (Ba,Sr)13−xAl22−2xSi10+2xO66 phosphor and its effect on the luminescence properties: a density functional investigation

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Abstract

First principles density functional calculations were carried out for model compounds Ba12EuAl22Si10O66 and Sr12EuAl22Si10O66 to account for the luminescence properties of Eu2+ doped Ba13−xAl22−2xSi10+2xO66 and Eu2+ doped (Ba,Sr)13−xAl22−2xSi10+2xO66. Both host lattices have three different crystallographic alkaline earth sites, namely, AE(1), AE(2) and AE(3), at which the dopants Eu2+ are located. The fluorescence properties of Eu2+ doped Ba13−xAl22−2xSi10+2xO66 are not explained if the dopant ions Eu2+ are considered to randomly occupy the three different Ba sites, but are explained if the dopants are considered to preferentially occupy the Ba(3) sites. In contrast, the fluorescence properties of Eu2+ doped (Ba,Sr)13−xAl22−2xSi10+2xO66 are explained only when both Sr2+ and Eu2+ cations are considered to occupy the AE(3) sites, which suggests that the activators are more randomly distributed over the three AE sites in Eu2+ doped (Ba,Sr)13−xAl22−2xSi10+2xO66 than in Eu2+ doped Ba13−xAl22−2xSi10+2xO66. Calculations evidence the strong tendency for the Ba(3) sites to accommodate defects in Ba13−xAl22−2xSi10+2xO66, namely, Eu dopants, Sr substituents, and Ba vacancies. This arises from the higher malleability of the Ba(3) site compared to the Ba(1) and Ba(2) sites.

Graphical abstract: Site preference of Eu2+ dopants in the (Ba,Sr)13−xAl22−2xSi10+2xO66 phosphor and its effect on the luminescence properties: a density functional investigation

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Article information


Submitted
16 Jul 2009
Accepted
30 Sep 2009
First published
26 Oct 2009

J. Mater. Chem., 2009,19, 9170-9175
Article type
Paper

Site preference of Eu2+ dopants in the (Ba,Sr)13−xAl22−2xSi10+2xO66 phosphor and its effect on the luminescence properties: a density functional investigation

G. Denis, X. Rocquefelte, P. Deniard, M. Whangbo and S. Jobic, J. Mater. Chem., 2009, 19, 9170
DOI: 10.1039/B914374B

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