A ternary vanadium bronze compound, NaV6O15 (Na0.33V2O5), constructed by highly ordered nanorod structures, was facilely synthesized via a low temperature hydrothermal route using V2O5, H2O2 and NaCl as the precursors. A reaction mechanism involved in present hydrothermal condition was tentatively proposed. The sample was systemically post-treated at different temperatures and well characterized by various techniques. It was found that the prepared NaV6O15 nanorods had a highly crystallined single phase with a preferred c* orientation growth. When used as the cathode material in rechargeable lithium batteries, the NaV6O15 nanorods exhibited stable lithium-ion insertion/deinsertion reversibility and delivered as high as 328 mAh g−1 lithium cycled at the current density of 0.02 A g−1. In galvanostatic cycling test, a specific discharge capacity of around 300 mAh g−1 could be demonstrated for 70 cycles under 0.05 A g−1 current density. According to its unique crystallographic structure and electrochemical characteristics, it is therefore expected that as-prepared NaV6O15 nanorods may be employed as cathode material in rechargeable lithium, sodium-based batteries.
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