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Issue 38, 2009
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Stability of Pt nanoparticles and enhanced photocatalytic performance in mesoporous Pt-(anatase/TiO2(B)) nanoarchitecture

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Abstract

A novel metal–semiconductor nanocomposite with stable metal nanoparticles and efficient photocatalytic performance has been prepared. It consists of highly dispersed ∼2 nm platinum (Pt) nanoparticles loaded on mesoporous and bicrystalline TiO2 fibers (Pt/mb-TiO2). Due to the well organized porous Pt/TiO2 nanoarchitecture, rate of photodegradation of CHCl3 was nearly doubled compared to both P25 and Pt/P25. And in photocatalytic production of H2 (with methanol as an electron donor), Pt/mb-TiO2 presented much more stable activity than Pt/P25. In a 20 h H2 production, Pt nanoparticles on P25 agglomerated and grew remarkably from 2.0 ± 0.5 nm to 4.5 ± 2.5 nm, while Pt nanoparticles on mb-TiO2 changed slightly from 2.0 ± 0.5 nm to 2.2 ± 0.5 nm. Moreover, the loss ratio of Pt on P25 is 36%, which is much larger than that of 7% on mb-TiO2. The efficient charge transfer in the interfaces of Pt/TiO2(B) and TiO2(B)/anatase was discussed. We concluded that the high photocatalytic performance of Pt/mb-TiO2 can be attributed to stable Pt nanoparticles supported on the mesoporous masonry frameworks of TiO2 and efficient charge transfer in the interfaces.

Graphical abstract: Stability of Pt nanoparticles and enhanced photocatalytic performance in mesoporous Pt-(anatase/TiO2(B)) nanoarchitecture

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Article information


Submitted
27 May 2009
Accepted
09 Jul 2009
First published
04 Aug 2009

J. Mater. Chem., 2009,19, 7055-7061
Article type
Paper

Stability of Pt nanoparticles and enhanced photocatalytic performance in mesoporous Pt-(anatase/TiO2(B)) nanoarchitecture

Y. Bai, W. Li, C. Liu, Z. Yang, X. Feng, X. Lu and K. Chan, J. Mater. Chem., 2009, 19, 7055 DOI: 10.1039/B910240J

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