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Issue 39, 2009
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A novel picric acid film sensor via combination of the surface enrichment effect of chitosan films and the aggregation-induced emission effect of siloles

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Abstract

A novel fluorescent film was fabricated by doping the aggregates of hexaphenylsilole (HPS) into a chitosan film. It was demonstrated that the fluorescence emission of the film is stable, sensitive and highly selective to the presence of picric acid (PA). The detection limit for PA is about 2.1 × 10−8 mol/L. Introduction of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), 2,4-dinitrotoluene (DNT), nitrobenzene (NB), phenol, benzene, toluene, methanol, ethanol, and zinc nitrate (Zn(NO3)2) had little effect upon the fluorescence emission of the film. The selectivity of the film was attributed to the specific electrostatic association effect of the protonated substrate film to picrate anion and the screening effect of the film to the interferents. The network structure of the substrate film is also favourable for the stabilization of the fluorescence emission of the hybrid film, by preventing the further aggregation of silole aggregates. Fluorescence lifetime measurements revealed that the quenching is static in nature. Furthermore, the quenching process is fully reversible. Considering the simplicity of the preparation and the outstanding performance of the hybrid film, it is anticipated that it could be developed into a real-life PA sensor.

Graphical abstract: A novel picric acid film sensor via combination of the surface enrichment effect of chitosan films and the aggregation-induced emission effect of siloles

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
06 Apr 2009
Accepted
13 Aug 2009
First published
27 Aug 2009

J. Mater. Chem., 2009,19, 7347-7353
Article type
Paper

A novel picric acid film sensor via combination of the surface enrichment effect of chitosan films and the aggregation-induced emission effect of siloles

G. He, H. Peng, T. Liu, M. Yang, Y. Zhang and Y. Fang, J. Mater. Chem., 2009, 19, 7347
DOI: 10.1039/B906946A

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