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Issue 12, 2009
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Non-catalyzed and Pt/γ-Al2O3-catalyzed hydrothermal cellulose dissolution–conversion: influence of the reaction parameters and analysis of the unreacted cellulose

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Abstract

Hydrothermal dissolution and/or conversion of cellulose Avicel® occurred at 190 °C under 5 MPa of H2 in the absence of catalyst. This reaction is temperature and time dependent. A dissolution–conversion ratio of 35% was obtained after 24 h of reaction and glucose and HMF were detected as monomeric products in a global yield of less than 5%, indicating that the majority of the products are composed of soluble oligo- and polysaccharides. The unreacted cellulose was analyzed using XRD, 13C solid state NMR, TGA-DTA and SEM and compared to the initial cellulose. We showed that although morphology changes occurred during the reaction, no modification of the crystallinity was observed and that hydrothermal treatment did not affect a specific part of the cellulose polymer. The presence of Pt/γ-Al2O3 increased the initial rate of dissolution–conversion significantly as well as the distribution of the monomeric products. Pt and H2 atmosphere were seen to increase the dissolution–conversion ratio however their role has not been yet well established.

Graphical abstract: Non-catalyzed and Pt/γ-Al2O3-catalyzed hydrothermal cellulose dissolution–conversion: influence of the reaction parameters and analysis of the unreacted cellulose

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Aug 2009, accepted on 04 Sep 2009 and first published on 14 Oct 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B915758A
Green Chem., 2009,11, 2052-2060

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    Non-catalyzed and Pt/γ-Al2O3-catalyzed hydrothermal cellulose dissolution–conversion: influence of the reaction parameters and analysis of the unreacted cellulose

    V. Jollet, F. Chambon, F. Rataboul, A. Cabiac, C. Pinel, E. Guillon and N. Essayem, Green Chem., 2009, 11, 2052
    DOI: 10.1039/B915758A

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