Jump to main content
Jump to site search
SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE Close the message box

Maintenance work is planned for Monday 16 August 2021 from 07:00 to 23:59 (BST).

Website performance may be temporarily affected and you may not be able to access some PDFs or images. If this does happen, refreshing your web browser should resolve the issue. We apologise for any inconvenience this might cause and thank you for your patience.


Issue 4, 2009

Precipitation chemistry in Croatia during the period 1981–2006

Author affiliations

Abstract

The spatial, temporal changes and trends changes in precipitation chemistry in Croatia during the period 1981–2006 were analysed using data from 27 sampling sites. The origins of air masses that arrived over Croatia were evaluated by the sector analysis of two-dimensional back trajectories. The distribution per sector of the volume-weighted concentrations of the main ions (sulfate, nitrate, chloride, ammonium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, and potassium) and the pH were also inspected. The trend in the annual volume-weighted concentrations of the major ions in precipitation and pH was tested using the nonparametric Mann-Kendall test and Sen's slope estimator. The sulfate and nitrate ion concentrations significantly decreased for the majority of sites. The main decline of the sulfate ion concentration occurred after 1990. Changes in the anthropogenic sulfur emission patterns over Europe in the last two decades resulted in different acidity and sulfate ion concentrations related to a particular sector compared to earlier times. In addition, precipitation chemistry in Croatia was also influenced by geographical and climatological diversity. Finally, the war and post-war activities were identified as possible anthropogenic sources of some base cations, i.e., potassium and calcium.

Graphical abstract: Precipitation chemistry in Croatia during the period 1981–2006

Article information


Submitted
19 Sep 2008
Accepted
11 Dec 2008
First published
22 Jan 2009

J. Environ. Monit., 2009,11, 839-851
Article type
Paper

Precipitation chemistry in Croatia during the period 1981–2006

K. Š. Čanić, S. Vidič and Z. B. Klaić, J. Environ. Monit., 2009, 11, 839 DOI: 10.1039/B816432K

To request permission to reproduce material from this article, please go to the Copyright Clearance Center request page.

If you are an author contributing to an RSC publication, you do not need to request permission provided correct acknowledgement is given.

If you are the author of this article, you do not need to request permission to reproduce figures and diagrams provided correct acknowledgement is given. If you want to reproduce the whole article in a third-party publication (excluding your thesis/dissertation for which permission is not required) please go to the Copyright Clearance Center request page.

Read more about how to correctly acknowledge RSC content.


Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements