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Issue 36, 2009
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Preparation and characterization of μ-nitrido diiron phthalocyanines with electron-withdrawing substituents: application for catalytic aromatic oxidation

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Abstract

μ-Nitrido-bis [tetra-(hexyl-sulfonyl)phthalocyaninatoiron] (3a) and μ-nitrido-bis [tetra-(tert-butylsulfonyl) phthalocyaninatoiron] (3b) complexes have been prepared and fully characterized by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, UV-Vis, FTIR, EPR, Mössbauer techniques as well as by X-ray photoelectron and Fe K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopies. Small changes at the periphery of the phthalocyanine ligand introduce a difference in the iron oxidation state. While 3b with tert-butyl substituents is a neutral complex with a mixed-valence Fe3.5–N–Fe3.5 structural unit, 3a having n-hexyl substituents is an oxidized cationic FeIV–N–FeIV complex. The structural parameters of N-bridged diiron phthalocyanine with a Fe3.5–N–Fe3.5 unit were determined for the first time. Iron atoms in 3b are displaced out of plane by 0.24 Å and the Fe–N bond distance of the linear Fe–N–Fe fragment is equal to 1.67 Å. Both complexes selectively catalyze benzylic oxidation of alkyl aromatic compounds by tBuOOH. Toluene was oxidized to benzoic acid with 80% selectivity, and the total turnover number was as high as 197. p-Toluic acid was the principal product of p-xylene oxidation. In this case the turnover number achieved 587 substrate molecules per molecule of catalyst. The described catalytic system is complementary to the recently reported system based on μ-nitrido diiron tetrabutylphthalocyanine–H2O2 which effectively oxidizes the benzene ring.

Graphical abstract: Preparation and characterization of μ-nitrido diiron phthalocyanines with electron-withdrawing substituents: application for catalytic aromatic oxidation

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
09 Feb 2009
Accepted
10 Jun 2009
First published
21 Jul 2009

Dalton Trans., 2009, 7410-7420
Article type
Paper

Preparation and characterization of μ-nitrido diiron phthalocyanines with electron-withdrawing substituents: application for catalytic aromatic oxidation

Ü. İşci, P. Afanasiev, J. M. Millet, E. V. Kudrik, V. Ahsen and A. B. Sorokin, Dalton Trans., 2009, 7410
DOI: 10.1039/B902592H

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