MEMS and the microbe
In recent years, relatively simple MEMS fabrications have helped accelerate our knowledge of the microbial cell. Current progress and challenges in the application of lab-on-a-chip devices to the viable microbe are reviewed. Furthermore, the degree to which microbiologists are becoming the engineers and are tailoring microbial cells and protocells as potential components for bioMEMS devices is highlighted. We conclude this is a highly productive time for microbiologists and microengineers to unite their shared interest in the micron scale world.