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Issue 21, 2008
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Polymer nanoencapsulated mesoporous vanadia with unusual ductility at cryogenic temperatures

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Abstract

An aerogel-like composite material was synthesized by casting a conformal 4–6 nm diisocyanate-derived polymer coating on the bird-nest like skeletal framework of mesoporous vanadia consisting of entangled 100–200 nm long, 30–40 nm thick worm-like objects. The new material does not fail even under high strain compression (>90%) and maintains a highly unusual ductility at cryogenic temperatures (−196 °C). By comparison, nanoparticulate silica crosslinked with the same polymer at the same bulk density (∼0.45 g cm−3) behaves as a typical polymer and metal, showing brittle behavior as the temperature decreases. The high strength of nanoencapsulated vanadia is attributed to interlocking of the skeletal nanoworms, and the high ductility at cryogenic temperatures to sintering-like melting and fusion of their polymer coating under compression.

Graphical abstract: Polymer nanoencapsulated mesoporous vanadia with unusual ductility at cryogenic temperatures

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Publication details

The article was received on 31 Jan 2008, accepted on 06 Mar 2008 and first published on 27 Mar 2008


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B801770K
J. Mater. Chem., 2008,18, 2475-2482

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    Polymer nanoencapsulated mesoporous vanadia with unusual ductility at cryogenic temperatures

    N. Leventis, C. Sotiriou-Leventis, S. Mulik, A. Dass, J. Schnobrich, A. Hobbs, E. F. Fabrizio, H. Luo, G. Churu, Y. Zhang and H. Lu, J. Mater. Chem., 2008, 18, 2475
    DOI: 10.1039/B801770K

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