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Issue 11, 2008
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Hydrothermal carbon from biomass: a comparison of the local structure from poly- to monosaccharides and pentoses/hexoses

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Abstract

Carbon particles are synthesized under hydrothermal conditions using different biomass (glucose, xylose, maltose, sucrose, amylopectin, starch) and biomass derivates (5-hydroxymethyl-furfural-1-aldehyde (HMF) and furfural) as carbon sources. Carbons obtained from mono- and polysaccharides, hexose and pentose sugars, and from the biomass derivatives, HMF and furfural, are compared from the particle morphology, chemical composition and structural point of view. A clear structural and morphological difference can be observed in carbons from pentoses and hexoses, but in the latter case, irrespective of the nature of the hexose sugar, all carbon materials showed astonishing similarities, opening the way for the use of renewable biomass in the synthesis of such carbon materials.

Graphical abstract: Hydrothermal carbon from biomass: a comparison of the local structure from poly- to monosaccharides and pentoses/hexoses

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Article information


Submitted
24 Apr 2008
Accepted
22 Jul 2008
First published
07 Oct 2008

Green Chem., 2008,10, 1204-1212
Article type
Paper

Hydrothermal carbon from biomass: a comparison of the local structure from poly- to monosaccharides and pentoses/hexoses

M. Titirici, M. Antonietti and N. Baccile, Green Chem., 2008, 10, 1204
DOI: 10.1039/B807009A

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