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Issue 41, 2008
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A comparison of ether- and alkyl-derivatized imidazolium-based room-temperature ionic liquids: a molecular dynamics simulation study

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Abstract

Molecular dynamics simulations of ether-derivatized imidazolium-based room-temperature ionic liquids (EDI-RTILs), [C5O2mim][TFSI] and [C5O2mim][BF4], have been performed and compared with simulations of alkyl-derivatized analogues (ADI-RTILs). Simulations yield RTIL densities, self-diffusion coefficients and viscosity in excellent agreement with experimental data. Simulations reveal that structure in the EDI-RTILs, quantified by the extent of nanoscale segregation of tails as well as cation–ion and cationcation correlations, is reduced compared to that observed in the ADI-RTILs. Significant correlation between ether tail oxygen atoms and imidazolium ring hydrogen atoms was observed in the EDI-RTILs. This correlation is primarily intramolecular in origin but has a significant intermolecular component. Competition of ether oxygen atoms with oxygen atoms of TFSI or fluorine atoms of BF4 for coordination of the ring hydrogen atoms was found to reduce the extent of cation–anion correlation in the EDI-RTILs compared to the ADI-RTILs. The reduction in intermolecular correlation, particularly tail–tail segregation, as well as weakening of cation–anion specific interactions due to the ether tail, may account for the faster dynamics observed in the EDI-RTILs compared to ADI-RTILs.

Graphical abstract: A comparison of ether- and alkyl-derivatized imidazolium-based room-temperature ionic liquids: a molecular dynamics simulation study

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Article information


Submitted
16 May 2008
Accepted
15 Jul 2008
First published
10 Sep 2008

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2008,10, 6301-6312
Article type
Paper

A comparison of ether- and alkyl-derivatized imidazolium-based room-temperature ionic liquids: a molecular dynamics simulation study

G. D. Smith, O. Borodin, L. Li, H. Kim, Q. Liu, J. E. Bara, D. L. Gin and R. Nobel, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2008, 10, 6301
DOI: 10.1039/B808303G

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