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Issue 20, 2008

4D electron imaging: principles and perspectives

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Abstract

In this perspective we highlight developments and concepts in the field of 4D electron imaging. With spatial and temporal resolutions reaching the picometer and femtosecond, respectively, the field is now embracing ultrafast electron diffraction, crystallography and microscopy. Here, we overview the principles involved in the direct visualization of structural dynamics with applications in chemistry, materials science and biology. The examples include the studies of complex isolated chemical reactions, phase transitions and cellular structures. We conclude with an outlook on the potential of the approach and with some questions that may define new frontiers of research.

Graphical abstract: 4D electron imaging: principles and perspectives

Article information


Submitted
29 Jan 2008
Accepted
03 Mar 2008
First published
01 Apr 2008

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2008,10, 2879-2893
Article type
Perspective

4D electron imaging: principles and perspectives

D. Shorokhov and A. H. Zewail, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2008, 10, 2879 DOI: 10.1039/B801626G

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