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Issue 12, 2008

Combining metals with halogen bonds

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Halogen bonds in the solid state have been investigated for many years, with a major resurgence in activity occurring in the past decade. The emphasis of most studies has been on organic components. This Highlight focusses on inorganic components, or at least metal-containing components, and explores their propensity to form halogen bonds. The use of C–X⋯X′–M halogen bonds in forming networks is briefly reviewed and their utility in investigating the nature of halogen bonds is explored since their strength can be tuned by changing either the organic (donor) halogen (C–X) or the inorganic (acceptor) halogen (M–X′). A survey has been performed of crystal structures in which interactions are of suitable geometry to be considered as halogen bonds. In particular the role of simple monatomic (e.g.oxo, nitrido) and diatomic (e.g.carbonyl, cyanide) ligands as halogen bond acceptors in transition metal complexes is examined. Main group metals are also considered in a further section that considers D–X⋯A–M halogen bonds, where D = halogen bond donor, A = halogen bond acceptor and M = main group metal or metalloid. Many examples presented herein were not identified as halogen bonds in the original articles. The aim of this survey is to examine the breadth of elements that can be involved in halogen bonding involving at least one inorganic (metal-containing) component and consider this range of interactions as a basis for future research in halogen bonding with applications in crystal engineering and allied areas.

Graphical abstract: Combining metals with halogen bonds

Article information

28 Jul 2008
08 Sep 2008
First published
10 Oct 2008

CrystEngComm, 2008,10, 1712-1727
Article type

Combining metals with halogen bonds

L. Brammer, G. Mínguez Espallargas and S. Libri, CrystEngComm, 2008, 10, 1712 DOI: 10.1039/B812927D

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