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Issue 3, 2008
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Detection of calcium phosphate crystals in the joint fluid of patients with osteoarthritis – analytical approaches and challenges

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Abstract

Clinically, osteoarthritis (OA) is characterised by joint pain, stiffness after immobility, limitation of movement and, in many cases, the presence of basic calcium phosphate (BCP) crystals in the joint fluid. The detection of BCP crystals in the synovial fluid of patients with OA is fraught with challenges due to the submicroscopic size of BCP, the complex nature of the matrix in which they are found and the fact that other crystals can co-exist with them in cases of mixed pathology. Routine analysis of joint crystals still relies almost exclusively on the use of optical microscopy, which has limited applicability for BCP crystal identification due to limited resolution and the inherent subjectivity of the technique. The purpose of this Critical Review is to present an overview of some of the main analytical tools employed in the detection of BCP to date and the potential of emerging technologies such as atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Raman microspectroscopy for this purpose.

Graphical abstract: Detection of calcium phosphate crystals in the joint fluid of patients with osteoarthritis – analytical approaches and challenges

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Publication details

The article was first published on 01 Feb 2008


Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/B716791A
Analyst, 2008,133, 302-318
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    Detection of calcium phosphate crystals in the joint fluid of patients with osteoarthritis – analytical approaches and challenges

    A. Yavorskyy, A. Hernandez-Santana, G. McCarthy and G. McMahon, Analyst, 2008, 133, 302
    DOI: 10.1039/B716791A

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