Issue 2, 2007

Rufloxacin-induced photosensitization in yeast


The fluoroquinolone Rufloxacin (RFX) is active as specific inhibitor of bacterial gyrase. The adverse effects of the photosensitization induced by fluoroquinolones are well known. A predominant type II photosensitizing activity of Rufloxacin has already been demonstrated on simpler models (free nucleosides, calf thymus DNA), whereas a cooperative mechanism was corroborated on more complex ones (plasmid and fibroblast). The purpose of this study is to examine the drug photocytoxicity in another complex cellular model, a wild-type eukaryotic fast-growing microorganism whose cultivation is cheap and easily managed, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This work represents the first report of the potential photogenotoxicity of Rufloxacin. Particular emphasis was given to DNA modifications caused in yeast by the formation of Rufloxacin photomediated toxic species, such as hydrogen peroxide and formaldehyde. Drug phototoxicity on yeast was evaluated by measuring DNA fragmentation (single/double strand breaks) using single cell gel electrophoresis assay and 8-OH-dGuo, a DNA photooxidationbiomarker, by HPLC-ECD. Cellular sensitivity was also assessed by cell viability test. The extra- and intracellularRFX concentration (as well as its main photoproduct) was verified by HPLC-MS, whereas the cytotoxic species were evaluated by colorimetric assays. The results confirm the phototoxicity of Rufloxacin on yeast cell and are in agreement with those previously obtained with human fibroblast and with simpler models used recently, and provide a clear link between DNA photosensitization and overall phototoxicity.

Graphical abstract: Rufloxacin-induced photosensitization in yeast

Article information

Article type
09 Jun 2006
01 Dec 2006
First published
02 Jan 2007

Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2007,6, 181-189

Rufloxacin-induced photosensitization in yeast

A. Catalfo, M. L. Calandra, M. Renis, M. E. Serrentino and G. De Guidi, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2007, 6, 181 DOI: 10.1039/B608238F

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