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Issue 9, 2007
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Microfluidic platforms for lab-on-a-chip applications

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Abstract

We review microfluidic platforms that enable the miniaturization, integration and automation of biochemical assays. Nowadays nearly an unmanageable variety of alternative approaches exists that can do this in principle. Here we focus on those kinds of platforms only that allow performance of a set of microfluidic functions—defined as microfluidic unit operations—which can be easily combined within a well defined and consistent fabrication technology to implement application specific biochemical assays in an easy, flexible and ideally monolithically way. The microfluidic platforms discussed in the following are capillary test strips, also known as lateral flow assays, the “microfluidic large scale integration” approach, centrifugal microfluidics, the electrokinetic platform, pressure driven droplet based microfluidics, electrowetting based microfluidics, SAW driven microfluidics and, last but not least, “free scalable non-contact dispensing”. The microfluidic unit operations discussed within those platforms are fluid transport, metering, mixing, switching, incubation, separation, droplet formation, droplet splitting, nL and pL dispensing, and detection.

Graphical abstract: Microfluidic platforms for lab-on-a-chip applications

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Article information


Submitted
26 Apr 2007
Accepted
25 Jun 2007
First published
27 Jul 2007

Lab Chip, 2007,7, 1094-1110
Article type
Critical Review

Microfluidic platforms for lab-on-a-chip applications

S. Haeberle and R. Zengerle, Lab Chip, 2007, 7, 1094
DOI: 10.1039/B706364B

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