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Issue 5, 2007
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Modeling of hydrocarbon sensors based on p-type semiconducting perovskites

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Abstract

In the scope of the present contribution, perovskite SrTi1−xFexO3−δ was investigated as a model material for conductometric hydrocarbon sensing at intermediate temperatures between 350 and 450 °C. To explain the observations made during sensor optimization in a quantitative way, a novel sensor model was proposed. At the microscopic scale, the local gas concentration affects local conductivity of the gas sensitive material. In the case of n-type tin oxide sensors, this interaction is commonly attributed to a redox reaction between the reducing analyte gas and adsorbed oxygen. In contrast, a reduction process affecting the entire bulk was assumed to govern gas sensitivity of SrTi1−xFexO3−δ films. Although very few variables needed to be assumed or fitted, the present bulk-type model was found to represent well sensor functionality of p-type conducting SrTi0.8Fe0.2O3−δ films. In addition to the temperature dependence of sensor response, the hydrocarbon sensitivity, m, was predicted with good accuracy. The different sensor responses towards hydrocarbons with a different chemical reactivity and other cross-interfering species, such as NO, was explained as well as the dependence on film thickness for screen printed films.

Graphical abstract: Modeling of hydrocarbon sensors based on p-type semiconducting perovskites

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Sep 2006, accepted on 20 Nov 2006 and first published on 07 Dec 2006


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B612965J
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2007,9, 635-642

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    Modeling of hydrocarbon sensors based on p-type semiconducting perovskites

    K. Sahner and R. Moos, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2007, 9, 635
    DOI: 10.1039/B612965J

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