One and two dimensional (1D and 2D) carbazole based hemicyanines, where methyl pyridinium, methyl indolium and methyl benzothiazolium were used as acceptor group, were synthesized by Knoevenagel condensation. One-photon absorption, fluorescence and two-photon fluorescence spectra were investigated. The experimental results indicated that the different ionic acceptors affect their one-photon and two-photon properties. Among them, 2D methyl pyridinium carbazole derivatives exhibited low quantum yields and large two-photon absorption cross sections more than 1600 GM. The synthesized compounds were used as photoinitiator of two-photon photopolymerization (TPP), and three-dimensional (3D) microstructure was successfully fabricated by TPP 3D lithography. They could be utilized as effective two-photon polymerization photoinitiators.
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